Author(s): Mohan JC, Sengupta PP, Arora R
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Abstract Global right ventricular function of the pressure-overloaded right ventricle in patients with mitral stenosis and pulmonary hypertension after successful percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) has not been well-defined. With the use of a recently developed Doppler method for estimating right ventricular function in human beings, we studied 25 consecutive patients with isolated rheumatic mitral stenosis before, immediately after (mean, 40+/-12 h) and at a mean follow-up of 11.5 months after PTMC. Immediately after percutaneous mitral commissurotomy, there was a significant increase in mitral valve area (P = 0.000017) along with a decrease in mean pulmonary pressure (P = 0.001). The index was not affected immediately after successful PTMC (0.70+/-0.25 vs., 0.58+/-0.18; P = 0.06); however, at follow-up of about one year, the index showed a significant decrease (0.697+/-0.28 vs. 0.380+/-0.13; P = 0.0008, n = 24). The change in the index was characterised by a significant prolongation of the right ventricular ejection time, with a decrease in the isovolumic intervals. The Doppler index of combined right ventricular function was significantly correlated to the mean pulmonary artery pressure (r = 0.695, P<0.001) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (r = 0.60, P = 0.007) before PTMC and also immediately after the procedure; however, at follow-up, the index had no correlation with the Doppler estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure (r = 0.07). Despite a larger mitral valve area following PTMC, right ventricular isovolumic indices remain abnormal on mid-term follow-up, although global function tends to normalise in two-thirds of the patients.
This article was published in Int J Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis