Author(s): Brochhausen C, Zehbe R, Watzer B, Halstenberg S, Gabler F,
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Abstract Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is an arachidonic acid metabolite involved in physiological homeostasis and numerous pathophysiological conditions. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that prostaglandins have a stimulating effect not only on angiogenesis in situ and in vitro but also on chondrocyte proliferation in vitro. Thus, PGE(2) represents an interesting signaling molecule for various tissue engineering strategies. However, under physiological conditions, PGE(2) has a half-life time of only 10 min, which limits its use in biomedical applications. In the present study, we investigated if the incorporation of PGE(2) into biodegradable poly-L-lactide-co-glycolide microspheres results in a prolonged release of this molecule in its active form. PGE(2)-modified microspheres were produced by a cosolvent emulsification method using CHCl(3) and HFIP as organic solvents and PVA as emulsifier. Thirteen identical batches were produced; and to each batch 1.0 mL of serum-free medium was added. The medium was removed at defined time points and then analyzed by gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS) to measure the residual PGE(2) content. In this study we demonstrated the prolonged release of PGE(2), showing a linear increase over the first 12 h, followed by a plateau and a slow decrease. The microspheres were further characterized by scanning electron microscopy. (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This article was published in J Biomed Mater Res A
and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering