Author(s): Liu S, Dai Z, Chen H, Ju H
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Abstract Direct electrochemistry and thermal stability of hemoglobin (Hb) immobilized on a nanometer-sized zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) modified pyrolytic graphite (PG) electrode were studied. The immobilized Hb displayed a couple of stable and well-defined redox peaks with an electron transfer rate constant of (7.90 +/- 0.93)s(-1) and a formal potential of -0.361 V (-0.12 V versus NHE) in 0.1M pH 7.0 PBS. Both nanometer-sized ZrO2 and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) could accelerate the electron transfer between Hb and the electrode. Spectroscopy analysis of the Hb/ZrO2/DMSO film showed that the immobilized Hb could retain its natural structure. This modified electrode showed a high thermal stability up to 74 degrees C and an electrocatalytic activity to the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) without the aid of an electron mediator. The electrocatalytic response showed a linear dependence on the H2O2 concentration ranging from 1.5 to 30.2 microM with a detection limit of 0.14 microM at 3sigma. The apparent Michaelis-Menten constant KMapp for H2O2 sensor was estimated to be (0.31 +/- 0.02) mM, showing a high affinity.
This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology