Author(s): Bidarra SJ, Barrias CC, Barbosa MA, Soares R, Granja PL
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Abstract In this work, human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) immobilized in RGD-coupled alginate microspheres, with a binary composition of high and low molecular weight alginate, were investigated. Cells immobilized within RGD-alginate microspheres (during 21 days) showed metabolic activity, with an overall viability higher than 90\%, short cell extensions, and, when induced, they were able to differentiate into the osteogenic lineage. In osteogenic conditions (comparing to basal conditions), immobilized cells presented alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and an upregulation of ALP, collagen type I, and Runx 2 expression. Moreover, mineralization was also detected in immobilized cells under osteogenic stimulus. In addition, it was demonstrated for the first time that MSCs immobilized in this 3D matrix were able to enhance the ability of neighboring endothelial cells to form tubelike structures. Overall, these findings represent a step forward in the development of injectable stem cell carriers for bone tissue engineering.
This article was published in Biomacromolecules
and referenced in Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity