alexa Immune cells and molecular mediators in the pathogenesis of the abdominal aortic aneurysm.


Journal of Surgery

Author(s): Rizas KD, Ippagunta N, Tilson MD rd, Rizas KD, Ippagunta N, Tilson MD rd

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a multifactorial disease with genetic risk factors and an immunologic component. Immune cells, including macrophages, neutrophils, mast cells, B- and T- lymphocytes, along with vascular smooth muscle cells and adventitial fibroblasts, produce cytokines and enzymes, promoting an inflammatory reaction, extracellular matrix degradation, and neovascularization. Among the different enzymes secreted by immune and stromal cells, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, MMP-12, cathepsins, and neutrophil elastase cause medial degeneration. Chymase causes smooth muscle cell apoptosis, and MMP-3, MMP-8, and MMP-13 cause adventitial collagen degradation, promoting abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture. At the same time chemokines (interleukin 8, macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha, monocyte chemotactic protein-1) cause recruitment and proliferation of inflammatory cells, whereas cytokines (vascular endothelial growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta) promote neoangiogenesis. This article was published in Cardiol Rev and referenced in Journal of Surgery

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version