alexa Immune reconstitution disease associated with mycobacterial infections in HIV-infected individuals receiving antiretrovirals.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Lawn SD, Bekker LG, Miller RF

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Immune reconstitution disease (IRD) in HIV-infected patients is an adverse consequence of the restoration of pathogen-specific immune responses during the initial months of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART). Previously subclinical infections are "unmasked" or pre-existing opportunistic infections clinically deteriorate as host immunopathological inflammatory responses are "switched on". IRD is most frequently associated with mycobacterial infections. Our literature search identified 166 published cases of IRD associated with mycobacterial infections. We review the underlying immunological mechanisms, difficulties surrounding case definition and diagnosis, the wide diversity of clinical manifestations, and treatment. The importance of screening patients for mycobacterial disease before starting HAART and the critical impact of the timing of commencement of HAART in patients receiving treatment for tuberculosis are highlighted. We also discuss the problem of IRD associated with mycobacterial diseases in developing countries where tuberculosis prevalence is high and access to HAART is currently expanding. This article was published in Lancet Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version