alexa Immune response and prophylactic efficacy of smegmosomes in a hamster model of leptospirosis.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Faisal SM, Yan W, McDonough SP, Mohammed HO, Divers TJ,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Leptospirosis is an important zoonotic disease worldwide. Subunit vaccines are an attractive intervention strategy against this disease, but potent, non-toxic adjuvants are necessary components to any effective vaccine. Among various adjuvant candidates, liposomes have garnered recent attention for their capacity as carriers of vaccines. In the present study we prepared novel liposomes using total polar lipids from the nonpathogenic bacterium, Mycobacterium smegmatis (designated smegmosomes). The potential for smegmosomes as a vaccine delivery/adjuvant system was evaluated with novel leptospira protective antigens (Lp0607, Lp1118, Lp1454) and compared with conventional aluminum hydroxide adjuvant (alum) in a hamster model of leptospirosis. Four-week-old hamsters were immunized subcutaneously twice at three weeks intervals and either bled at various time points to evaluate antibody responses, sacrificed to isolate splenocytes for lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine profiles in response to recall antigen, or challenged intraperitoneally with a modified lethal dose (10X MLD(50)) of virulent Leptospira interrogans serovar Pomona. Our results demonstrate that smegmosomes carrying antigens are better adjuvants than alum as revealed by enhanced and long term antibody response, lymphocyte proliferation and significant enhancement in both Th1 (IFN-gamma) and Th2 (IL-4, IL-10) cytokine production. Additionally, smegmosomes were found to induce memory responses that are significantly higher than those of alum. Above all, smegmosomes were observed to impart a significantly higher level of protection than alum as revealed by enhanced survival, reduced histopathological lesions and bacterial load in vital organs. Taken together, the data of the present study suggests that smegmosomes will serve well as a promising delivery vehicle/adjuvant system that can induce both Th1 and Th2 type immune responses and provide a novel tool in development of improved vaccines for leptospirosis and other infectious diseases. This article was published in Vaccine and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords