Author(s): Edelman K, He Q, Mkinen J, Sahlberg A, Haanper M,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: We conducted a 5-year follow-up study on the persistence of pertussis-specific antibody and cell-mediated immunity after booster immunization of adolescents aged 11-13 years with a tricomponent acellular pertussis vaccine (Boostrix; trials diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis [Tdap]-004/030). METHODS: Cellular and humoral immunity to pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin, and pertactin were measured in adolescents (age, 16 years) 5 years after booster immunization. Similar investigations were performed for control adolescents who had received only diphtheria and tetanus booster vaccination. RESULTS: Five years after pertussis booster vaccination, the geometric mean concentrations of immunoglobulin G (IgG) elicited by each of the 3 pertussis vaccine antigens decreased from 1-month and 3-year postvaccination levels, but with the exception of PT IgG, were still higher than the prevaccination levels. PT IgG levels were undetectable in 28\% of the subjects, but 44\% of those subjects still tested positive for cell-mediated immunity to PT. Filamentous hemagglutinin IgG and pertactin IgG levels were significantly higher in Tdap-boosted adolescents than in the control subjects. Antibody concentrations at 1 month after vaccination strongly predicted antibody persistence. Cell-mediated immunity levels to PT, filamentous hemagglutinin, and pertactin persisted above the prebooster levels measured 5 years earlier. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study of adolescents indicate that the interval between acellular pertussis booster immunizations might be extended beyond 5 years.
This article was published in Clin Infect Dis
and referenced in Clinical Depression