alexa Immunization of Male Mice with a New Recombinant GnRH Fusion Protein Reduces the Testicular Function
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Fugui FANG

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The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of an immunogenic maltose-binding protein-gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH-6-MBP) using genetic engineering. The synthetic mammalian tandem repeated GnRH hexamer gene was inserted into the expression plasmid pMAL-c2x. Recombinant GnRH-6-MBP protein was over-expressed in E. coli strain BL21. Amylose resin with affinity chromatograph was used to purify target protein. The reactiongenicity of fusion protein was identified by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the antigenicity and biological effects of GnRH-6-MBP were tested in mice. In the experiment, 20 male Kunming white mice of 20 d old were randomly divided into treatment and control group. Ten mice were immunized with 100 μg GnRH-6-MBP administered subcutaneously (s.c.) thrice at 2-week intervals with GnRH-6-MBP. Mice were sacrificed after 3 weeks following the booster injection, the testis was removed, weighed and measured, and the histological structure was observed. The reactiongenicity of fusion protein to GnRH antibody was much higher than the control. Active immunization against GnRH-6-MBP reduced remarkably (P < 0.01) the length and weight of the testis, and shortened the girth and width of the testis (P < 0.05), and suppressed testicular spermatogenesis compared to the control mice. These results indicate that the recombinant GnRH-6-MBP acted as a strong immunogen and caused atrophy of the testis.

This article was published in Agricultural Sciences in China and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

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