alexa Immunobiology of pleural inflammation: potential implications for pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Kroegel C, Antony VB

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases frequently involve the pleural space and walls, little is known about the immunological and molecular mechanisms underlying pleural disorders. This article provides an overview of recent insights into immunobiological processes likely to play a role in the pathogenesis of pleural disorders. Pleural involvement in certain diseases is associated with the infiltration of a number of different types of immune cells, such as neutrophils, eosinophils or lymphocytes, in various proportions depending on both the course and the aetiology of the underlying disease. In addition to infiltrating cells, mesothelial cells have been demonstrated to actively participate in pleural inflammation via release of various mediators and proteins, including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), interleukin-8, monocyte chemotactic peptide (MCP-1), nitric oxide (NO), collagen, antioxidant enzymes and the plasminogen activation inhibitor (PAI). Furthermore, several inflammatory mediators have been detected at increased concentrations within pleural effusions, including lipid mediators, cytokines and proteins (adenosine deaminase, lysosyme, eosinophil-derived cationic proteins, and products of the coagulation cascade). The presence of these mediators underline the concept of pleural inflammation, and certain cytokines seem to characterize a specific aetiology of pleurisy. The understanding of these processes and the sequence of events leading to pleural loculation, pleural adhesion or repair are likely to provide the basis for early therapeutic intervention and reduce pleural-associated morbidity.
This article was published in Eur Respir J and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version