alexa Immunocytochemical study of the somatolactin cells in the pituitary of Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka, and O keta at some stages of the reproductive cycle.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

Author(s): Olivereau M, RandWeaver M

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Abstract Cells of the intermediate lobe of salmonids, homologous to the PAS-positive cells of other teleost species, cannot be differentiated by normal staining techniques, but can be immunostained with an antiserum against cod somatolactin (SL). Immunocytochemical techniques were applied to pituitary sections of two Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka and O. keta. Samples of immature or early maturing fish were collected in the Pacific Ocean and from mature spawning fish from hatcheries near Seattle and Willard (Washington). SL cells were rather small and moderately immunoreactive in immature fish. They were slightly enlarged in the early stages of gonadal development and more often contacted the basal lamina through processes with terminal swellings, suggesting granule release into perivascular spaces. In spawning fish, cells were enlarged and frequently more granulated, showing a wide contact with the basal lamina and a proximodistal transport of granules. In addition, large and more or less degranulated cells were noted, also indicating an active release of SL granules. Spawning females tended to have more SL cells than equivalent males. The gradual stimulation of SL synthesis and release during sexual maturation suggests that SL may be involved in the control of some steps of reproduction as previously shown by the increase in SL plasma levels in maturing coho salmon.
This article was published in Gen Comp Endocrinol and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

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