alexa Immunodepletion of high abundance proteins coupled on-line with reversed-phase liquid chromatography: a two-dimensional LC sample enrichment and fractionation technique for mammalian proteomics.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Cellar NA, Karnoup AS, Albers DR, Langhorst ML, Young SA

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Abstract Proteomic analysis can be hampered by the large concentration distribution of proteins. Immunoaffinity techniques have been applied to selectively remove high abundant proteins (HAP's) from samples prior to analysis. Although immunodepletion of HAP's has been shown to enable greater detection of low abundance proteins, the resulting fractions are often diluted 5-10-fold during the process. Various concentration techniques can be applied; however, many are incompatible with the high salt content of the fractions. To help overcome this limitation, a two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC) method was developed which couples an IgY immunodepletion column in the first dimension with a large pore C18 analytical column in the second. A protein trap cartridge serves as an injection loop between the columns to facilitate on-line concentration and desalting. Feasibility of this 2D-LC system was demonstrated for mammalian proteomics. Beyond depletion of interfering proteins, this instrumentation provides four advantages which make immunodepletion technology more convenient, including: (1) on-line desalting (2) automatic buffer exchange (3) facile concentration and (4) fractionation by polarity. This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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