Author(s): Qadura M, Waters B, Burnett E, Chegeni R, Hough C,
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Abstract Previous studies have demonstrated that genetic factors play an important role in determining the likelihood of formation of anti-factor VIII (FVIII) antibodies in haemophilia A patients. We were interested in characterizing the spectrum of FVIII antibody formation and the primary and secondary immune responses after FVIII administration in two different exon 16-disrupted haemophilia A mouse strains, Balb/c and C57BL/6. Balb/c and C57BL/6 E16 haemophilia A mice were used in all experiments. Total FVIII antibodies and FVIII inhibitors were measured using ELISA and Bethesda assays respectively. T- and B-cell cytokines were quantified using ELISA and flow cytometry. FVIII antibodies, but not functional inhibitors were detectable 1 week after the first FVIII treatment in both strains. These antibodies mainly belonged to the IgM and IgA isotypes. After the fourth FVIII treatment, neutralizing anti-FVIII antibodies were detected in both mouse strains: Balb/c (mean inhibitory titer 58 BU) and C57BL/6 (mean inhibitory titer 82 BU). IgG1 levels were similar in both strains but the IgG2A and IgG2B subclasses were higher in C57BL/6 mice. The results of intracellular cytokine staining of T cells indicated that the FVIII-treated C57BL/6 mice produced more IL10 and Th1 cytokines than the FVIII-treated Balb/c mice. These studies show that C57BL/6 mice develop a stronger immune response towards FVIII than Balb/c mice. We propose that the enhanced Th1 and IL10 cytokine micro-environment induced in C57BL/6 mice is responsible for this difference. Therefore, genetic strain-dependent differences must be considered when evaluating immunological outcomes in mouse models of haemophilia A. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
This article was published in Haemophilia
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion