Author(s): Gutirrez R, Cullar C
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Abstract The nematode Anisakis simplex causes anisakidiasis, a disease that often mimics other gastrointestinal diseases. Patients with digestive haemorrhaging, Crohn's disease, digestive cancer and appendicitis were analysed for antibodies to A. simplex. Antibody detection was carried out by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunoblotting using crude extract (CE) antigen and excretory-secretory (ES) products. Total immunoglobulin (Igs), IgG, IgM, IgA and IgE were studied. The highest percentage was obtained when Igs were tested against CE antigen. A higher percentage of positivity was observed with the appendicitis group. The Crohn's disease group showed the highest levels of IgG against the ES antigen. Using immunoblotting, 24\% and 48\% of sera from patients with symptoms of Crohn's disease and digestive haemorrhaging, respectively, showed a positive immunorecognition pattern of CE antigen. The prevalence of detectable antibodies against A. simplex is higher in patients with digestive disorders than in the healthy population. A linear correlation was observed between prothrombin activity and Igs-CE, IgA-CE and IgA-ES but not between IgE-CE and the other immunoglobulin levels. Specific IgA is associated with a higher activity index of Crohn's disease. Specific antibodies were observed against A. simplex in patients with appendicitis and gastrointestinal cancer, indicating a higher rate of positivity for IgA.
This article was published in J Helminthol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology