Author(s): Chan HS, Thorner PS, Haddad G, Ling V
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Abstract Increased expression of P-glycoprotein is associated with multidrug resistance (MDR) in many cell lines. Significant levels of P-glycoprotein have been detected in a number of human tumors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether P-glycoprotein expression correlates with both response to chemotherapy and prognosis in soft tissue sarcoma of childhood. In a retrospective study, biopsy samples from 30 cases of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and undifferentiated sarcoma (US) treated at The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto were analyzed using a semiquantitative immunohistochemical procedure. P-glycoprotein was detected in nine patients, four at diagnosis, and five at subsequent biopsy. All nine patients relapsed after a clinical response (complete [CR] 55\%, partial [PR] 45\%) to chemotherapy. Twenty of 21 patients with consistently P-glycoprotein-negative tumors received chemotherapy and they all responded clinically (CR 80\%, PR 20\%). Only one of these 20 patients has relapsed. The probability of relapse-free survival was significantly different (P less than .000000012) in chemotherapy-treated patients whose tumors contained detectable levels of P-glycoprotein (n = 9), compared with those whose tumors contained no detectable P-glycoprotein (n = 20). The overall probability of survival was also significantly different in these two groups (P less than .0000267). Both relapse-free and overall survivals remained statistically different in the two groups of patients when analyzed by the log-rank method, after adjustment for differences in stages and sites. The incidence of other adverse prognostic factors in the two groups, for example, younger and older ages, low pretreatment lymphocyte counts, large tumors, and unfavorable histology were not significantly different. Thus, detectable P-glycoprotein appears to be an important adverse prognostic factor in children with soft tissue sarcoma, and consistent absence of the protein is associated with a favorable prognosis.
This article was published in J Clin Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques