alexa Immunohistochemical expression of CD95 (Fas), c-myc and epidermal growth factor receptor in hepatitis C virus infection, cirrhotic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): ElBassiouni A, Nosseir M, Zoheiry M, ElAhwany E, Ghali A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Gene product expression in normal and chronic hepatitis C virus infection was determined in an attempt to improve our understanding of the molecular events leading to the development of cirrhosis and liver carcinoma. Activation of CD95 (Fas) causes apoptosis of cells and liver failure in mice and has been associated with human liver disorders. c-myc is involved in cell proliferation and EGFR in regeneration of cells. The material of the current study included 50 cases of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) (and negative hepatitis B virus infection), 29 cases of liver cirrhosis and HCV (LC), and 19 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma and HCV (HCC) admitted to the Theodor Bilharz Research Institute (TBRI) during the years 2003-2004. Ten wedge liver biopsies - taken during laparoscopic cholecystectomy - were included in the study as normal controls. Laboratory investigations, including liver function tests, serological markers for viral hepatitis and serum alpha fetoprotein level (alpha-FP), were determined for all cases. Histopathological study and immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies for CD95, c-myc and EGFR were also done. In CHC cases, the histological activity index (HAI) revealed more expression of Fas antigen in liver tissues with active inflammation than in those without active inflammation (p < 0.01). EGFR and c-myc act synergistically in liver tumorigenesis. Upregulation of Fas in chronic hepatitis C infection and of c-myc & EGFR in malignant transformation was concluded from this study. c-myc expression may obstruct the induction of apoptosis of HCC cells and lead to uncontrolled cell growth. This article was published in APMIS and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords