Author(s): Gornet MF, Randolph MA, Schofield BH, Yaremchuk MJ, Weiland AJ
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Abstract This investigation evaluated ultrastructural changes during the earliest phase of immunologic rejection of vascularized bone allografts in a genetically defined rat model. These results were correlated with the cell-mediated and humoral immunologic responses during this time period. Employing a model for heterotopic allograft transplantation, 33 rats divided into four categories were evaluated. Group I consisted of ungrafted (naive) Lewis and Brown Norway rats; group II consisted of Lewis-to-Lewis vascularized bone isografts; group III consisted of Lewis-to-Brown Norway vascularized bone allografts; and group IV consisted of Lewis-to-Brown Norway vascularized bone allografts in rats receiving cyclosporine (10 mg/kg/day). Experimental animals were sacrificed at 3, 5, and 7 days. Immunologic analysis was performed using a cell-mediated lymphocytotoxicity assay and a complement-dependent cytotoxic antibody assay. The results of this study show that rejection of vascularized bone allografts appears as early as 3 days postoperatively, with osteocytes and vascular endothelium being the first elements affected. This early rejection is probably a manifestation of the humoral response. All changes secondary to rejection were arrested by cyclosporine.
This article was published in Plast Reconstr Surg
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy