alexa Immunologic dissonance: a continuing evolution in our understanding of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Author(s): Bone RC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Our current understanding of sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction needs to be revised, as the uniformly negative results of new therapies for these disorders suggest. Previous theories for the pathogenesis of these conditions are incomplete; reasons for this include the following. First, the surrogate models that have been used to study these disorders are not analogous to the clinical situation. Second, patients who have less severe manifestations of these diseases are often overlooked. And third, patients' preexisting conditions have not been taken into account. Considerable new evidence indicates that, in addition to a massive proinflammatory reaction, a compensatory anti-inflammatory response contributes to the onset of these disorders. At a local site of injury or infection and during the initial appearance of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators in the circulation, the beneficial effects of these mediators outweigh their harmful effects. Only when the balance between these two forces is lost do these mediators become harmful. Sequelae of an unbalanced systemic proinflammatory reaction include shock, transudation into organs, and defects in coagulation. An unbalanced systemic compensatory anti-inflammatory response can result in anergy and immunosuppression. The proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory forces may ultimately reinforce each other, creating a state of increasingly destructive immunologic dissonance.
This article was published in Ann Intern Med and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords