alexa Immunological aspects of demyelinating diseases.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Martin R, McFarland HF, McFarlin DE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Primary demyelination in the central nervous system results from damage to the myelin sheath or oligodendroglia and can be produced by a variety of mechanisms, including metabolic disturbances, toxicities, infection, and autoimmunity. The major human demyelinating disease affecting the central nervous system is multiple sclerosis (MS). Although the etiology of MS is not known, existing data indicate that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to pathogenesis. Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is induced by immunization of genetically susceptible animals with myelin proteins. This is mediated by autoimmune T cells. Characterization of MHC restriction, fine specificity of antigen recognition, and T cell receptor (TCR) usage by encephalitogenic T cells has resulted in highly specific immunotherapies. Both HLA and TCR genes have been linked to susceptibility for MS which is widely believed to be mediated by T cells that recognize an as yet unidentified autoantigen. Because of the advances in the understanding and treatment of EAE, recent research in MS has been focused on the characterization of cellular immune responses against myelin components. The results of these studies are reviewed and the potential implications of these findings for the pathogenesis and future therapy of MS are examined. This article was published in Annu Rev Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords