alexa Immunological changes in simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV(agm))-infected African green monkeys (AGM): expanded cytotoxic T lymphocyte, natural killer and B cell subsets in the natural host of SIV(agm).
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Epidemiology: Open Access

Author(s): Holznagel E, Norley S, Holzammer S, Coulibaly C, Kurth R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The African green monkey (AGM) model system for simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV(agm)) has been used to examine why prolonged infection with the relevant virus does not result in the development of immunodeficiency in its natural host. Blood lymphocyte subset values were determined in uninfected (n=88) and naturally SIV(agm)-infected AGMs (n=74). A number of blood cell subsets, such as CD8alpha(+)CD3(+)CD28(neg), CD8alpha(+)CD3(neg) and CD20(+) cells, were expanded significantly in clinically asymptomatic animals carrying a relatively high plasma load of viral RNA (10(4)-10(7) RNA copies/ml plasma). The expanded CD8alpha(+)CD3(+)CD28(neg) subpopulation (1094 +/- 986 cells/microl blood in infected animals versus 402 +/- 364 cells/microl blood, P=0.03) comprised cells that resembled terminally differentiated effector CD8 T cells (CD27(neg) and CD11a(+)). In SIV(agm)-infected animals, the expanded CD8alpha(+)CD3(neg) cell subset shared identity with the CD16(+) population (natural killer cells). These results demonstrate for the first time that apathogenic SIV(agm) infection causes significant changes in the immune system of its natural host. Although previous studies had indicated that noncytotoxic mechanisms might play an important role in the suppression of virus replication in the natural host of SIV(agm), this study sheds new light on the possible role of cytotoxic T lymphocytes, the innate immune system and double-positive T helper cells (CD4(+)CD8alpha(+)CD3(+)) in suppressing virus replication in this animal model of AIDS. This article was published in J Gen Virol and referenced in Epidemiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords