alexa Immunological responses to injury and grafting in the central nervous system of nonhuman primates.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Bakay RA, Boyer KL, Freed CR, Ansari AA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Allogeneic transplantation for the therapy of human Parkinson's disease is being considered as a viable approach at several clinical centers worldwide. As an attempt to understand the basic biology of central nervous system (CNS) transplantation, our laboratory has developed an experimental nonhuman primate model for human Parkinson's disease and carried out preliminary studies directed at evaluating the potential pathology at the graft site. In addition, studies have been conducted to examine whether such transplantation procedures lead to specific and/or nonspecific immunologic sensitization of the host or results in generalized immunosuppression. Groups of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) were either controls operated (n = 6), autografted with adrenal medullary and peripheral nerve tissue (n = 3), or allografted with fetal mesencephalic tissue (n = 6). Immunohistological studies demonstrated the presence of mononuclear cell infiltrates as early as 1 wk and up to 1 yr postoperatively, although the frequency of the infiltrating cells declined with time. The infiltrates consisted of variable numbers of cells which express CD2+, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD19+, CD22+, CD25+, and CD68+. There appeared to be no difference in the frequency, kinetics, or phenotype of the infiltrating cells in operative controls compared with recipients of auto- or allografts. Tissue sections obtained postoperatively showed low levels of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class I antigens and no detectable level of MHC-Class II antigens in neural tissue. A small aliquot of tissue from the operative site was placed in vitro with media containing interleukin-2 (IL-2), which led to the exudation and growth of mononuclear cells that were predominantly CD4+ cells. Phenotypic studies of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from operative controls, auto- and allograft recipient monkeys performed at varying time periods postoperatively failed to show differences in the frequencies of subsets of T-cells, B-cells, NK-cells, or monocytes. Studies on aliquots of the same PBMC failed to show major functional differences in NK-cells, LAK cells, or response to polyclonal mitogens. Finally, recipients of allogeneic mesencephalic grafts failed to show evidence of donor-specific humoral or cellular sensitization. These data indicate that transplantation of autograft adrenal or allograft fetal mesencephalic tissues in the CNS of nonhuman primate did not induce detectable donor-specific sensitization nor nonspecific immunosuppression.
This article was published in Cell Transplant and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords