alexa Immunomodulatory effects of dietary intake of chitin on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) innate immune system.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Esteban MA, Cuesta A, Ortuo J, Meseguer J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To determine the effects of chitin (poly [1-->4]-beta-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine) on the innate immune response of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.), fish were fed diets containing 0 mg (control), 25, 50 or 100 mg kg(-1) chitin for 2, 4 and 6 weeks. Lysozyme and natural haemolytic complement activities, together with head-kidney leucocyte respiratory burst, phagocytic and cytotoxic activities, were studied at each of the assayed times. Lysozyme activity was unaffected by the administration of chitin. The innate humoral and cellular immune response activities assayed were enhanced by the dietary intake of chitin, each increasing at a different time: natural haemolytic complement activity and cytotoxic activity after 2 weeks of treatment, respiratory burst activity from 4 weeks and phagocytic activity after 6 weeks, although, unlike the other activities, no statistically significant differences were observed in the first. The results indicate that chitin increases the activity of the seabream innate immune system, and its use as an immunostimulant is discussed, especially with regards to the protective role. This article was published in Fish Shellfish Immunol and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version