alexa Immunomodulatory properties of a viral homolog of human interleukin-10 expressed by human cytomegalovirus during the latent phase of infection.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Jenkins C, Garcia W, Godwin MJ, Spencer JV, Stern JL,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) establishes a latent infection in hematopoietic cells, from which it can reactivate to cause significant disease in immunocompromised individuals. HCMV expresses a functional homolog of the immunosuppressive cytokine interleukin-10 (termed cmvIL-10), and alternate splicing of the cmvIL-10 transcript results in expression of a latency-associated cmvIL-10 transcript (LAcmvIL-10). To determine whether LAcmvIL-10 encodes immunosuppressive functions, recombinant LAcmvIL-10 protein was generated, and its impact on major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) expression was examined on granulocyte macrophage progenitor cells (GM-Ps) and monocytes. LAcmvIL-10 (and cmvIL-10) downregulated MHC-II on the surfaces of both cell types. This downregulation was associated with a decrease in total MHC-II protein and transcription of components of the MHC-II biosynthesis pathway. Unlike cmvIL-10, LAcmvIL-10 did not trigger phosphorylation of Stat3, and its ability to downregulate MHC-II was not blocked by neutralizing antibodies to the human IL-10 receptor, suggesting that LAcmvIL-10 either does not engage the cellular IL-10 receptor or utilizes it in a different manner from cmvIL-10. The impact of LAcmvIL-10 on dendritic cell (DC) maturation was also assessed. In contrast to cmvIL-10, LAcmvIL-10 did not inhibit the expression of costimulatory molecules CD40, CD80, and CD86 and the maturation marker CD83 on DCs, nor did it inhibit proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha). Thus, LAcmvIL-10 retains some, but not all, of the immunosuppressive functions of cmvIL-10. As GM-Ps and monocytes support latent infection, expression of LAcmvIL-10 may enable HCMV to avoid immune recognition and clearance during latency.
This article was published in J Virol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords