alexa Immunomodulatory therapy for severe influenza.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Darwish I, Mubareka S, Liles WC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Influenza A virus is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Severe influenza is recognized as a clinical syndrome, characterized by hyperinduction of proinflammatory cytokine production, otherwise known as hypercytokinemia or a 'cytokine storm'. Research focused on therapeutics to modulate influenza virus-induced inflammation is currently underway. In this review, we discuss the limitations of current antiviral drug treatment strategies, describe the influenza viral and host pathogenicity determinants, and present the evidence supporting the use of immunomodulatory therapy to target the host inflammatory response as a means to improve clinical outcome in severe influenza. We then review the experimental data on investigational immunomodulatory agents targeting the host inflammatory response in severe influenza, including anti-TNF therapy, statins, glucocorticoids, cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, macrolides, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, AMP-activated protein kinase agonists and high mobility group box 1 antagonists. We then conclude with a rationale for the use of mesenchymal stromal (stem) cells and angiopoietin-1 therapy against deleterious influenza-induced host responses that mediate end-organ injury and dysfunction. This article was published in Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version