Author(s): Schumacher LY, Vo DD, Garban HJ, CominAnduix B, Owens SK,
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Abstract Proteasome inhibition results in proapoptotic changes in cancer cells, which may make them more sensitive to immune effector cells. We established a murine model to test whether the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib could sensitize established B16 melanoma tumors to dendritic cell (DC)-activated immune effector cells. Day 3-established s.c. B16 tumors had significantly decreased tumor outgrowth when treated with a combination of bortezomib and DC, regardless of whether the DC were loaded or not with a tumor Ag. In vivo Ab-depletion studies demonstrated that the effector cells were NK and CD8+ cells, but not CD4+ cells. NF-kappaB nuclear transcription factor assay and gene-expression profiling of B16 treated with bortezomib was consistent with inhibition of NF-kappaB target genes leading to a proapoptotic phenotype. In vitro lytic assays demonstrated that TNF-alpha, but not perforin, Fas-ligand, or TRAIL, was responsible for bortezomib-sensitized B16 cytotoxicity. In conclusion, the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib can pharmacologically sensitize tumor cells to the lytic effects of DC-activated immune effector cells.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy