alexa Immunotoxins containing recombinant anti-CTLA-4 single-chain fragment variable antibodies and saporin: in vitro results and in vivo effects in an acute rejection model.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Tazzari PL, Polito L, Bolognesi A, Pistillo MP, Capanni P,

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Abstract Immunotoxins containing recombinant human-derived single-chain fragment variable (scFv) reagents (83 and 40) against CTLA-4 (CD152) linked to saporin, a ribosome-inactivating protein, were prepared and tested on CD3/CD28-activated T lymphocytes, MLRs, CTLA-4-positive cell lines, and hemopoietic precursors. Immunotoxins induced apoptosis in activated T lymphocytes and were able to specifically inhibit MLR between T lymphocytes and dendritic cells. The 83-saporin immunotoxin also inhibited the T cell activation in an MLR between T lymphocytes and an EBV-positive lymphoblastoid B cell line. Toxicity tests on hemopoietic precursors showed little or no effects in inhibiting colonies' growth. As the 83 scFv Ab was reactive also with activated mouse T lymphocytes, 83-saporin was tested in a model of tumor rejection consisting of C57BL/6 mice bearing a murine H.end endothelioma cell line, derived from DBA/2 mice. The lymphoid infiltration due to the presence of the tumor was reduced to a high extent, demonstrating that the immunotoxin was actually available and active in vivo. Thus, taking the results altogether, this study might represent a new breakthrough for immunotherapy, showing the possibility of targeting CTLA-4 to kill activated T cells, using conjugates containing scFv Abs and type 1 ribosome-inactivating protein.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

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