Author(s): Calabrese JR, Hirschfeld RM, Reed M, Davies MA, Frye MA,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a chronic psychiatric illness characterized by depression and at least 1 manic or hypomanic episode during the lifetime of the illness. Bipolar symptoms have been associated with significant functional impairment. We conducted a study to determine the psychosocial impact of bipolar disorder in a U.S. community sample. METHOD: 3059 subjects were selected from a large epidemiologic study of bipolar prevalence that used the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) to screen for bipolar I and II disorder. Subjects were surveyed from April 24, 2001, to August 6, 2001, using the Sheehan Disability Scale and the Social Adjustment Scale-Self Report. Comorbid disease data were also collected. RESULTS: Of the 3059 subjects surveyed, 2450 (80\%) returned completed surveys: 1167 (48\%) subjects screened positive for bipolar disorder based on MDQ scores; 1283 (52\%) screened negative. MDQ-positive subjects reported significantly (p <.0001) more difficulties with work-related performance, social/leisure activities, and social/family interactions compared with MDQ-negative subjects. Younger subjects, aged 18 to 34 years, reported significantly (p =.003) more symptom days than did older MDQ-positive subjects. MDQ-positive women reported more disruption in social and family life, while MDQ-positive men reported being jailed, arrested, and convicted for crimes. Anxiety (30\% vs. 6\%), panic attacks (18\% vs. 4\%), migraine (24\% vs. 11\%), asthma (17\% vs. 10\%), and allergies (42\% vs. 29\%) were significantly (p <.05) more common in MDQ-positive versus MDQ-negative subjects. CONCLUSION: Bipolar disorder, as identified in a community sample using the Mood Disorder Questionnaire, was significantly associated with negative impact on the performance of work-related, leisure, and interpersonal activities.
This article was published in J Clin Psychiatry
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics