Author(s): LorenzoZiga V, de Vega VM, Domnech E, Cabr E, Maosa M,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Capsule endoscopy (CE) has proven efficacy in detecting mucosal lesions of the upper gastrointestinal tract and it has been widely evaluated for assessing small-bowel lesions in patients with suspected or established Crohn's disease (CD). AIMS: To evaluate the impact of CE on the management of patients with established CD. METHODS: All patients with known CD that underwent CE were identified from IBD and endoscopy databases. Baseline characteristics of the study population, CE findings, changes in therapy, and patient outcome were recorded. Patients were followed for 18 months after CE. RESULTS: CE was performed in 14 CD patients for iron deficiency anemia (n = 5) or abdominal pain of unknown origin (n = 3), or re-evaluation of disease location (n = 6). The overall diagnostic yield was 85.7\%. As a result of the CE findings, CD therapy was changed in 64\% of cases. Clinical outcome changed in three out of five patients with iron deficiency anemia and in two out of three patients with abdominal pain. CONCLUSIONS: CE has a high diagnostic yield even in patients with previously known CD, and its findings may influence disease management and clinical outcome.
This article was published in Dig Dis Sci
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System