alexa Impact of cocaine on human placental function using an in vitro perfusion system.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Malek A, Ivy D, Blann E, Mattison DR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The transport of cocaine from the maternal to fetal circulation and the effect of cocaine on placental function was investigated in vitro using dually perfused term human placentae with recirculation of both maternal and fetal perfusates. In the first experimental group (n = 5, 2 hr), after addition of 3H-cocaine and 14C-inulin to the maternal circulation, steady state concentrations were achieved within 20 min on the maternal side. However, in the following 100 min, uptake of 3H-cocaine remained higher than of the 14C-inulin on the maternal side. 3H-Cocaine was transported more rapidly than 14C-inulin into the fetal circulation and was detected within 10-15 min of initiation of perfusion. In the second experimental group (n = 6), the maternofetal permeability of 14C-insulin was determined in the same placental perfusion in both the absence (control period, 2 hr) and presence of cocaine (test phase, 2 hr) with its 3H-tracer. After the addition of cocaine (2-3 mg/L), the transfer of 14C-inulin was reduced from 6.59 to 3.64 mL/gm per min (p < .001), indicating that cocaine alters placental permeability. In addition to its effect on placental permeability, cocaine decreases the rate of release of hCG into the maternal circulation--reduced from 3.11 (control period) to 1.62 IU/min (test phase, p < .01).
This article was published in J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords