alexa Impact of Fc{gamma}RIIa-Fc{gamma}RIIIa polymorphisms and KRAS mutations on the clinical outcome of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with cetuximab plus irinotecan.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Bibeau F, LopezCrapez E, Di Fiore F, Thezenas S, Ychou M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: The antiepidermal growth factor receptor antibody cetuximab shows activity in irinotecan-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), mainly in wild-type KRAS tumors. Cetuximab may also exert antitumor effects through antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) in which antibody Fc portion interacts with Fc receptors (FcgammaRs) expressed by immune cells. ADCC is influenced by FcgammaRIIa-H131R and FcgammaRIIIa-V158F polymorphisms that are clinically relevant in follicular lymphoma and metastatic breast cancer treated with rituximab and trastuzumab, respectively. We investigated the association of FcgammaR polymorphisms and KRAS mutation with the outcome of irinotecan-refractory mCRC patients treated with cetuximab plus irinotecan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tumor and normal tissues from 69 patients were screened for KRAS mutations using a sensitive multiplex assay and genotyped for FcgammaRIIa and FcgammaRIIIa polymorphisms by direct sequencing and multiplex allele-specific polymerase chain reaction, respectively. The results were correlated with response and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: KRAS mutations were associated with lower response rate (4\% v 27\% in nonmutated patients; P = .021) and shorter PFS (3.0 v 5.3 months; P = .021). Patients with FcgammaRIIa-131H/H and/or FcgammaIIIa-158V/V genotypes had longer PFS than 131R and 158F carriers (5.5 v 3.0 months; P = .005). The difference remained significant for mutated-KRAS patients. By multivariate analysis, KRAS mutation and FcgammaR combined status were independent risk factors for PFS. CONCLUSION: Combined FcgammaRIIa/FcgammaRIIIa polymorphisms are prognostic factors for disease progression in mCRC patients treated with cetuximab plus irinotecan. As these polymorphisms are also clinically relevant in mutated-KRAS mCRC, an important role of ADCC in cetuximab efficacy is presumed. This article was published in J Clin Oncol and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords