alexa Impact of initial FDG-PET CT and serum-free light chain on transformation of conventionally defined solitary plasmacytoma to multiple myeloma.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Leukemia

Author(s): Fouquet G, Guidez S, Herbaux C, Van de Wyngaert Z, Bonnet S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) is a localized proliferation of monoclonal plasma cells in either bone or soft tissue, without evidence of multiple myeloma (MM), and whose prognosis is marked by a high risk of transformation to MM. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We studied the impact of FDG-PET/CT (2[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography) on the risk of transformation of SP to overt MM among other markers in a series of 43 patients diagnosed with SP. RESULTS: Median age was 57.5 years; 48\% of patients had an abnormal involved serum-free light chain (sFLC) value, and 64\% had an abnormal sFLC ratio at diagnosis. Thirty-three percent had two or more hypermetabolic lesions on initial PET/CT, and 20\% had two or more focal lesions on initial MRI. With a median follow-up of 50 months, 14 patients transformed to MM with a median time (TTMM) of 71 months. The risk factors that significantly shortened TTMM at diagnosis were two or more hypermetabolic lesions on PET/CT, abnormal sFLC ratio and involved sFLC, and to a lesser extent at completion of treatment, absence of normalized involved sFLC and PET/CT or MRI. In a multivariate analysis, abnormal initial involved sFLC [OR = 10; 95\% confidence interval (CI), 1-87; P = 0.008] and PET/CT (OR = 5; 95\% CI, 0-9; P = 0.032) independently shortened TTMM. CONCLUSIONS: An abnormal involved sFLC value and the presence of at least two hypermetabolic lesions on PET/CT at diagnosis of SP were the two predictors of early evolution to myeloma in our series. This data analysis will need confirmation in a larger study, and the study of these two risk factors may lead to a different management of patients with SP in the future. . ©2014 American Association for Cancer Research. This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in Journal of Leukemia

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords