alexa Impact of laparoscopic nissen fundoplication with prosthetic hiatal closure on esophageal body motility: Results of a prospective randomized trial.


Journal of Medical Implants & Surgery

Author(s): Granderath FA, Kamolz T, Schweiger UM, Pointner R

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Abstract HYPOTHESIS: Prosthetic crural closure does not adversely influence esophageal body motility. In most patients, postoperative increased dysphagia resolves spontaneously during the first months after surgery. DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. We compared patients who underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with simple sutured hiatal closure and those who underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with prosthetic hiatal closure. SETTING: University-affiliated community hospital. PATIENTS: Forty consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease. INTERVENTIONS: A 360 degrees Nissen fundoplication with simple sutured crura (n = 20; nonmesh group) vs the same procedure with posterior 1 x 3-cm polypropylene onlay mesh prosthesis (n = 20; mesh group). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Recurrences; postoperative dysphagia rate; localization, length, and pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES); results of 24-hour pH monitoring; esophageal body motility; peristalsis; and esophageal amplitude of contraction and interrupted waves. RESULTS: Preoperatively, both groups had pathological LES pressure and DeMeester scores. These values improved significantly (P < .01) after surgery and remained stable at 1 year after surgery. Patients in the nonmesh group had a significantly lower LES pressure 1 year after surgery compared with those in the mesh group. There were no significant differences in postoperative mean LES length (4.1 vs 3.8 cm), LES relaxation (93.4\% vs 92.4\%), and intra-abdominal LES length (2.1 vs 2.1 cm). Patients in the mesh group had fewer simultaneous waves and interrupted waves 1 year after surgery, but the difference between groups was not significant. There were no significant differences in interrupted waves and amplitude of contraction between groups 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with prosthetic crural closure does not impair postoperative esophageal body motility compared with laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with simple suture hiatal closure, although it is associated with a higher rate of short-term dysphagia. This article was published in Arch Surg and referenced in Journal of Medical Implants & Surgery

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