Author(s): Ducloux D, Klein A, Kazory A, Devillard N, Chalopin JM
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Abstract Whether high total serum homocysteine levels (tHcy) contribute to increase mortality or offer a survival advantage in chronic hemodialysis patients remains controversial. We conducted a prospective study to determine the impact of tHcy on survival in this population with special respect to chronic inflammation-malnutrition state (CIMS). In this prospective study, 459 hemodialysis patients from 10 dialysis centers located in two regions of France were included. A number of baseline parameters were measured including tHcy and markers of CIMS. Over a mean follow-up period of 54 months, 219 deaths (47.7\%) occurred, of which 114 (52\%) were of cardiovascular (CV) origin. tHcy of equal to or greater than 30 micromol/l was associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality in patients without CIMS (hazard ratio (HR): 1.55 (confidence interval (CI): 1.12-4.72)), but not in overall dialysis population or those with CIMS. When only CV mortality was considered, tHcy of equal to or greater than 30 micromol/l was associated with a higher risk in patients without (CIMS HR: 1.91 (CI: 1.23-3.23)), but not in those with CIMS. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a strong risk factor for all-cause and CV mortality in hemodialysis patients who do not present CIMS. This association might be masked in patients with CIMS.
This article was published in Kidney Int
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism