alexa Impact of race and ethnicity on the outcome of preterm infants below 32 weeks gestation.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Neonatal Biology

Author(s): Petrova A, Mehta R, Anwar M, Hiatt M, Hegyi T

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of race/ethnicity on mortality and morbidity such as intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and bacteriologically confirmed sepsis, assisted ventilation, surfactant administration, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) among very prematurely delivered infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of a cohort of 1006 preterm neonates with gestational age ranging from 22 to 32 weeks discharged from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) between 1998 and 2001. Subgroup analysis according to gestational age (GA) (22 to 24, 25 to 28, and 29 to 32 weeks) and plurality (singleton and multiple) was performed using the chi(2) test and an analysis of variance. RESULTS: Of the 1006 infants, 54.3\% were white, 21.7\% black, 13.7\% Hispanic, and 10.3\% were classified as Other. Multiple births among white infants were approximately twice that in (42.4\%) black infants (22.1\%), and was also significantly higher than in the Hispanic (28.3\%) and other race/ethnic groups (25.2\%). Overall, a higher proportion of black infants were born with a GA
  • DOI: 10.1038/sj.jp.7210934
  • This article was published in J Perinatol and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology

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