Author(s): Nordt TK, Bode C
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Abstract In type II diabetes mellitus the activity of the endogenous fibrinolytic system is reduced secondary to increased plasma activity of the plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1). Because PAI-1 is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, increased PAI-1 activity in diabetes mellitus may partly explain the increased susceptibility to both primary atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty in this disease. The factors contributing to increased PAI-1 expression in diabetes mellitus are reviewed as well as possible therapeutic approaches to normalize increased PAI-1 expression.
This article was published in Semin Thromb Hemost
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism