alexa Impaired vagal modulation of heart rate in individuals with Down syndrome.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Down Syndrome & Chromosome Abnormalities

Author(s): Figueroa A, Collier SR, Baynard T, Giannopoulou I, Goulopoulou S

Abstract Share this page

The attenuated heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) response to exercise in individuals with Down syndrome (DS) has been attributed to autonomic dysfunction, which has been associated with obesity. Our purpose was to determine the role of autonomic control of HR to the attenuated chronotropic response observed in individuals with DS. We evaluated spectral analysis of HR variability (HRV) in 13 individuals with (BMI 32+/-5 kg/m(2), P<0.05) and 14 without DS (BMI 26+/-3 kg/m(2)) by means of 2 min isometric handgrip at 30% of maximal force followed by recovery. Noninvasive measures of HR (ECG) and systolic BP (SBP) (Portapres) were recorded continuously. The increases in HR and SBP, and decrease in high frequency (HF) component were significantly greater in controls than in individuals with DS (P<0.05) during handgrip. The increase in LF/HF ratio was not significantly affected by handgrip and was comparable in both groups. During recovery, the decreases in HR, SBP, and LF/HF ratio, and the increase in HF were significantly greater in controls than in individuals with DS (P<0.05). Controlling for BMI did not alter these results. The attenuated HR and SBP response to the handgrip test in individuals with DS is explained by blunted vagal modulation. Our study suggests that autonomic dysfunction in individuals with DS might be independent of obesity.

This article was published in ClinAuton Res and referenced in Journal of Down Syndrome & Chromosome Abnormalities

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version