alexa Impairment in immunomodulatory function of mesenchymal stem cells from multiple myeloma patients
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Bingzong Li, Wenzhuo Zhuang

Abstract Share this page

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Abnormality of immune regulation exists in multiple myeloma (MM). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a key regulator for immunomodulatory function, have decreased osteogenic potential in MM patients. Here we investigated the immunomodulatory function of MSCs from MM patients (MM-MSCs) and its relationship with decreased osteogenic potential.

METHODS: Real-time PCR was performed to detect the cytokines expressed in MM-MSCs (n = 22) and MSCs from normal donors (ND-MSCs, n = 11). Lymphocyte proliferative assay was used to detect the effect of MSCs on T cell proliferation. The effect of MSCs on T-cell cycle and T-cell activation markers expression were analyzed by flow cytometry. Flow cytometry and Western blot were used to detect apoptosis of T cells. Influence of T cells on osteogenic potential of MSCs was detected.

RESULTS: MM-MSCs exhibited increased expression of TGF-β1, IL-6, IL-3, TNF-α and RANKL and decreased expression of TGF-β2, TGF-β3 and FasL. The inhibitory effect of MM-MSCs on T.cell proliferative ability was attenuated. ND-MSCs silence more T cells in G0/G1 phase than MM-MSCs. The apoptosis-promoting effect of MM-MSCs on T cells seemed to be dampened. Expression of T-cell activation markers was significantly inhibited by ND-MSCs. T cells from normal donors possessed the ability to promote osteoblastic differentiation of ND-MSCs, but this ability of T cells both directly from MM patients and co-cultured with MM-MSCs was impaired.

CONCLUSIONS: MSCs from MM patients showed impaired immunoinhibitory capability on T cells, which in turn lose the ability to stimulate osteogenesis of MSCs.

This article was published in Arch Med Res and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords