Author(s): Izumikawa T, Kanagawa N, Watamoto Y, Okada M, Saeki M,
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Abstract We have revealed that in Caenorhabditis elegans, non-sulfated chondroitin is required for normal cell division and cytokinesis at an early developmental stage, whereas heparan sulfate is essential for embryonic morphogenesis in the later stages of development. To clarify the roles of chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate in early embryogenesis in mammals, we generated glucuronyltransferase-I (GlcAT-I) knock-out mice by gene targeting. GlcAT-I is an enzyme required for the synthesis of both chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate. Here we report that mice with a deletion of GlcAT-I showed remarkable reduction of the synthesis of chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate and embryonic lethality before the 8-cell stage because of failed cytokinesis. In addition, treatment of wild-type 2-cell embryos with chondroitinase ABC had marked effects on cell division, although many heparitinase-treated embryos normally developed to blastocysts. Taken together, these results suggest that chondroitin sulfate in mammals, as with non-sulfated chondroitin in C. elegans, is indispensable for embryonic cell division.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Translational Medicine