Author(s): Marhoffer W, Stein M, Maeser E, Federlin K
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: In this study, ingestion of Staphylococcus aureus and "bacteria killing" (BK) were measured to evaluate polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) phagocytic functions and chemiluminescence response (CL) to phorbol-myristic acetate (PMA) as respiratory burst activity with regard to metabolic control parameters in diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: PMN phagocytic functions were assessed in 40 diabetic patients, all receiving insulin and in poor metabolic control, with 3H-thymidine-labeled Staphylococcus aureus in a modified radiometric assay. Bacteria killing was determined by pure-plate counting of surviving bacteria (colony-forming units [cfu]) and luminol-enhanced CL in response to PMA as a measure of respiratory burst. PMN function data were correlated to HbA1 as parameter of recent metabolic control. RESULTS: PMN of diabetic patients showed a significant reduction in Staphylococcus aureus (50.7 +/- 4.1\%) and BK (29.4 +/- 4.2\%) compared with healthy nondiabetic control subjects (76.6 +/- 4.6\% and 16.3 +/- 3.1\%, respectively, P less than 0.001), and PMN CL response was markedly reduced in diabetic patients also. Linear regression analysis showed a highly significant negative correlation of HbA1 versus Staphylococcus aureus (r = -0.67, P = 0.001) and a positive correlation for BK (r = 0.73, P less than 0.001). This was also true for CL, although this did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained demonstrate impaired PMN phagocytic functions and CL response in diabetic patients. These findings suggest inhibitory effects of elevated glucose concentrations on PMNs, a possible role of protein glycosylation for impairing PMN function, thus contributing in part to altered host defense.
This article was published in Diabetes Care
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism