Author(s): Moomjy M, Sills ES, Rosenwaks Z, Palermo GD
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Abstract With the introduction of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), couples with severe male factor infertility have achieved fertilization and clinical pregnancy rates comparable to other in-vitro fertilization (IVF) patients. However, failure of fertilization still occurs in some patients despite the utilization of microsurgical sperm injection techniques. How such fertilization failure after ICSI might impact later ICSI treatment(s) is unknown. In this investigation, couples with complete fertilization failure after ICSI treated from August 1993 to August 1996 were identified (index cycle, n = 21). Additionally, fertilization data from any previous or subsequent infertility treatments were evaluated. Seven patients (33\%) had at least one IVF treatment before the index cycle, although no deliveries occurred. Of patients with complete fertilization failure in the index cycle, 48\% (n = 10) underwent at least one subsequent ICSI cycle which proceeded to oocyte retrieval. The remainder (n = 11) elected to discontinue treatment. Although six subsequent cycles were cancelled due to poor follicular response (< or = 2 mature oocytes), all patients electing to continue treatment eventually achieved a subsequent embryo transfer. The clinical pregnancy rate per transfer was 45.4\% for this group; the delivery and ongoing pregnancy rate per transfer was 36.3\%. Review of semen parameters, superovulation characteristics or other clinical parameters during the three study cycles (pre-index, index, and post-index) was not prognostic of fertilization success or reproductive outcomes in later treatments. Fertilization failure with ICSI therefore could not be predicted by prior cycle performance, although total immotility of spermatozoa at time of oocyte retrieval, total teratozoospermia, and low oocyte yield were common characteristics of couples experiencing complete fertilization failure with ICSI. These findings suggest that fertilization failure in one ICSI cycle does not preclude successful fertilization and delivery in a later ICSI treatment.
This article was published in Hum Reprod
and referenced in Human Genetics & Embryology