alexa Implications of edentulism on quality of life among elderly.



Author(s): Rodrigues SM, Oliveira AC, Vargas AM, Moreira AN, E Ferreira EF

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Abstract This study aimed was to test the association between quality of life and edentulism among elderly individuals in a city in southeastern Brazil. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 163 individuals aged 60 years or older, functionally independent and non-institutionalized. Data were collected with a questionnaire and oral examination. The edentulism was the dependent variable. The independent variables were sex, age, household income and quality of life (WHOQOL-Old) and their scores. To assess the association between the dependent variable and independent variables was used bivariate analysis (p < 0.10). Poisson regression model was performed, adjusting for age and sex. The average age of participants was 69 years (┬▒ 6.1), 68.7\% were female and 52.8\% were diagnosed as completely edentulous (90\% CI: 0.33-1.24). When the independent variables were associated to the prevalence of edentulism, statistically significant associations were found for age (p = 0.03) and social participation dimension of the WHOQOL-Old (p = 0.08). In the Poisson regression, social participation remained statistically associated to edentulism {RP = 2.12 [90\% CI (1.10-4.00)]}. The social participation proved to have a significant association to edentulism, thereby attesting to the negative effect of this condition on social aspects.
This article was published in Int J Environ Res Public Health and referenced in Dentistry

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