alexa Importance of 6-O-sulfate groups of glucosamine residues in heparin for activation of FGF-1 and FGF-2.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Ishihara M, Takano R, Kanda T, Hayashi K, Hara S,

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Abstract Treatment of the pyridinium salts of heparin with N-methyltrimethylsilyl-trifluoroacetamide (MTSTFA) in pyridine for 2 h at various temperatures caused specific 6-O-desulfations from trisulfated disaccharide units to various degrees without detectable depolymerization or other chemical changes. In order to assess the importance of 6-O-sulfate groups in N-sulfated glucosamine (GlcNS) residues to promote FGF-1 and FGF-2 activities, various 6-O-desulfated (6-O-DS-) heparins were quantitatively examined for activity as enhancers or inhibitors of specific FGF-1- and FGF-2-induced proliferation of BALB/c3T3 clone A31 (A31) cells and the chlorate-treated cells. The present results suggested that a high content of 6-O-sulfate groups in GlcNS residues was required for activation of FGF-1, but not FGF-2. However, complete 6-O-desulfation of trisulfated disaccharide units in heparin resulted in loss of the ability to activate FGF-2, although the desulfated product bound strongly to FGF-2.
This article was published in J Biochem and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

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