alexa Improved characterization of the insulin secretory granule proteomes.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Schvartz D, Brunner Y, Cout Y, Foti M, Wollheim CB,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Insulin secretory granules (ISGs) are pivotal organelles of pancreatic ß-cells and represent a key participant to glucose homeostasis. Indeed, insulin is packed and processed within these vesicles before its release by exocytosis. It is therefore crucial to acquire qualitative and quantitative data on the ISG proteome, in order to increase our knowledge on ISG biogenesis, maturation and exocytosis. Despites efforts made in the past years, the coverage of the ISG proteome is still incomplete and comprises many potential protein contaminants most likely coming from suboptimal sample preparations. We developed here a 3-step gradient purification procedure combined to Stable Isotope Labeling with Amino acids in Cell culture (SILAC) to further characterize the ISG protein content. Our results allowed to build three complementary proteomes containing 1/ proteins which are enriched in mature ISGs, 2/ proteins sharing multiple localizations including ISGs, and finally 3/ proteins sorted out from immature ISGs and/or co-purifying contaminants. As a proof of concept, the ProSAAS, a neuronal protein found in ISGs was further characterized and its granular localization proved. ProSAAS might represent a novel potential target allowing to better understand the defaults in insulin processing and secretion observed during type 2 diabetes progression. This article is part of a special issue entitled: Translational Proteomics. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Proteomics and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

agriaquaculture@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

biochemjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemistryjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

clinicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineeringjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

nutritionjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

generalscience@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

geneticsmolbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immunomicrobiol@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

nursinghealthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuropsychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

pharmajournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords