Author(s): ArandaLara L, FerroFlores G, Ramrez Fde M, OcampoGarca B, SantosCuevas C,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Clinical studies in women using technetium-99m (Tc)-Bombesin have shown successful radionuclide imaging of breast tumours overexpressing gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRPRs). Recent studies have demonstrated that most breast tumours overexpress folate receptors (FRα). AIM: The aim of this work was to synthesize the Lys(α,γ-Folate)-Lys(Tc-EDDA/HYNIC)-Bombesin (1-14) conjugate (Tc-Bombesin-Folate), as well as to assess the in-vitro and in-vivo potential of the radiopharmaceutical to target FRα and GRPR. METHODS: LysLys(HYNIC)-Bombesin (1-14) was conjugated to folic acid and the product was purified by size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry were used for chemical characterization. Tc labelling was performed using ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid/tricine as coligands. In-vitro binding studies were carried out in T47D breast cancer cells (positive for FRα and GRPR). Biodistribution studies and micro-single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography imaging were carried out on athymic mice with T47D-induced tumours. RESULTS: High-performance liquid chromatography analyses indicated that the radioconjugate was obtained with high radiochemical purity (96±2.1\%). In-vitro and in-vivo results showed significant uptake of the radiopharmaceutical in T47D cells and tumours (5.43\% ID/g), which was significantly inhibited by preincubation with cold folic acid or cold Bombesin. CONCLUSION: The Tc-Bombesin-folate heterobivalent radiopharmaceutical significantly enhances in-vivo tumour uptake because of the concomitant interaction with FRα and GRPR.
This article was published in Nucl Med Commun
and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology