alexa Improved yields for baculovirus-mediated expression of human His(6)-PDK1 and His(6)-PKBbeta Akt2 and characterization of phospho-specific isoforms for design of inhibitors that stabilize inactive conformations.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Gao X, Yo P, Harris TK

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Abstract PDK1 and PKB/Akt have a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain at the C-terminus and N-terminus, respectively, which stabilizes an unphosphorylated, autoinhibited conformation. Binding of the PH domain to a phospholipid second messenger causes relief of autoinhibition, which results in kinase phosphorylation and activation. Baculovirus-mediated expression in Sf9 insect cells of both His(6)-PDK1 and His(6)-PKBbeta/Akt2 were optimized, which significantly improved the yields (5-fold) of the affinity purified enzymes over previously reported values. Isoelectric focusing (IEF) and Western analyses indicated that the apparent V(max)=192+/-13 U/mg and K(m) (PDK-Tide)=55+/-10 microM of purified His(6)-PDK1 results from a mixture of at least three different phospho-specific isoforms (pI values of 6.8, 6.5, and 6.4). A purely unphosphorylated isoform of His(6)-PDK1 (pI=6.8) was generated by treatment with lambda protein phosphatase (lambdaPP), which decreased V(max) to 2.4+/-0.4 U/mg and increased K(m) (PDK-Tide) to 217+/-61 microM. Isoelectric focusing and Western analyses indicated that the apparent V(max)=0.21+/-0.03 U/mg and K(m) (Crosstide)=87+/-30 microM of purified His(6)-PKBbeta/Akt2 results from a mixture of the enzyme monophosphorylated either at Ser-474 ( approximately 90\%) or at Thr-309 ( approximately 10\%). A purely unphosphorylated isoform of His(6)-PKBbeta/Akt2 (pI=6.4) was generated by treatment with lambdaPP, which decreased V(max) approximately 2-fold. The optimization of high-level production and detailed characterization of purified and lambdaPP-treated His(6)-PDK1 and His(6)-PKBbeta/Akt2 will facilitate detailed structural and kinetic studies aimed at understanding the mechanism of second messenger-induced activation. This article was published in Protein Expr Purif and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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