alexa Improving adenovirus vector-mediated RNAi efficiency by lacking the expression of virus-associated RNAs.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Machitani M, Sakurai F, Katayama K, Tachibana M, Suzuki T,

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Abstract Several studies have reported that short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) was competitively inhibited by the expression of adenovirus (Ad)-encoded small RNAs (VA-RNAs), which are expressed from a replication-incompetent Ad vector, as well as a wild-type Ad; however, it remained to be clarified whether an shRNA-expressing Ad vector-mediated knockdown was inhibited by VA-RNAs transcribed from the same Ad vector genome. In this study, we demonstrated that a lack of VA-RNA expression from the Ad vector leads to an increase in knockdown efficiencies of Ad vector-mediated RNAi. In the cells transduced with a first-generation Ad vector (FG-Ad) expressing shRNA (FG-Ad-shRNA), the copy numbers of shRNA and VA-RNAs incorporated into the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) was comparable. In contrast, higher amounts of shRNA were found in the RISC when the cells were transduced with an shRNA-expressing helper-dependent Ad (HD-Ad) vector, in which all viral genes, including VA-RNAs, were deleted (HD-Ad-shRNA), compared with FG-Ad-shRNA. HD-Ad vectors expressing shRNA against luciferase and p53 showed 7.4\% and 37.3\% increases in the knockdown efficiencies compared to the corresponding FG-Ad-shRNA, respectively, following in vitro transduction. Furthermore, higher levels of knockdown efficiencies were also found by the transduction with shRNA-expressing Ad vectors lacking VA-RNA expression (AdΔVR-shRNA) than by transduction with FG-Ad-shRNA. These results indicate that VA-RNAs expressed from an Ad vector inhibit knockdown by the shRNA-expressing Ad vector and that HD-Ad-shRNA and AdΔVR-shRNA are a powerful framework for shRNA-mediated knockdown. Copyright © 2013 H. Mizuguchi. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Virus Res and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

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