Author(s): Abaitua F, Rodrguez JR, Garzn A, Rodrguez D, Esteban M
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Abstract Recombinants based on vaccinia virus vectors, especially on the highly attenuated modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) strain, are now being tested in clinical trials for safety and immunogenicity, using prime/boost heterologous regimes of vaccination. Due to the limited replication capacity of MVA, it is necessary to develop procedures that can enhance the specific cellular immune responses to the recombinant antigen delivered by the MVA vector. In this investigation, we have characterized the systemic immune responses in BALB/c mice using interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) or interleukin-12 (IL-12) in an adjuvant-like manner elicited by MVA recombinants or naked DNA vectors expressing one of those cytokines in combination with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope (Env) as antigen. In infected mice, virus gene expression in splenocytes and levels of cytokines IFN-gamma and IL-12 in serum were maximal by 6h post-infection (hpi) with MVA recombinants expressing IFN-gamma (MVAIFN-gamma) or IL-12 (MVAIL-12). In the infected animals, co-expression of HIV-1 env (MVAENV) and either IFN-gamma or IL-12 from MVA recombinants produced a two and three-fold increase of anti-env CD8+ T cell response, respectively. When priming was carried out with DNA vectors expressing HIV-1 env and either IFN-gamma or IL-12, the magnitude of the specific anti-env CD8+ T cell stimulation after MVAENV booster was further enhanced. Our findings revealed that IFN-gamma or IL-12 can be used to potentiate the cellular immune response to HIV-1 env, when delivered either from a single MVA recombinant or from a DNA vector. The increment of the CD8+ T cell response was higher in a DNA/MVA prime/boost protocol. Thus, the immune response of MVA vectors can be improved with the co-delivery of the cytokines IFN-gamma or IL-12.
This article was published in Virus Res
and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination