Author(s): Lee HS, Lee CS, Kim JS, Kim DH, Choe H
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Abstract In this report, we present a novel virtual high-throughput screening methodology to assist in computer-aided drug discovery. Our method, designated as SLIM, involves ligand-free shape and chemical feature matching. The procedure takes advantage of a negative image of a binding pocket in a target receptor. The negative image is a set of virtual atoms representing the inner shape and chemical features of the binding pocket. Using this image, SLIM implements a shape-based similarity search based on molecular volume superposition for the ensemble of conformers of each molecule. The superposed structures, prioritized by shape similarity, are subjected to comparison of chemical feature similarities. To validate the merits of the SLIM method, we compared its performance with those of three distinct widely used tools ROCS, GLIDE, and GOLD. ROCS was selected as a representative of the ligand-centric methods, and docking programs GLIDE and GOLD as representatives of the receptor-centric methods. Our data suggest that SLIM has overall hit ranking ability that is comparable to that of the docking method, retaining the high computational speed of the ligand-centric method. It is notable that the SLIM method offers consistently reliable screening quality against conformational variations of receptors, whereas the docking methods have limited screening performance.
This article was published in J Chem Inf Model
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics