alexa Impulse oscillometry provides an effective measure of lung dysfunction in 4-year-old children at risk for persistent asthma.


Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Marotta A, Klinnert MD, Price MR, Larsen GL, Liu AH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Objective lung function measurements are routinely used to diagnose and manage asthma, but their utility for young children has not been defined. OBJECTIVE: Bronchodilator responses were measured by means of impulse oscillometry (IOS) and compared with conventional spirometry to determine the value of lung function measures in 4-year-old asthma-prone children. METHODS: The study participants were in the Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (National Institute of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) and at risk for asthma. At age 4 years, concurrent asthma was determined by using a previously validated modified American Thoracic Society questionnaire. Children performed IOS and spirometry before and after albuterol administration and underwent skin prick testing to 13 common allergens to assess atopy. IOS measures were as follows: airways resistance at 5 Hz and 10 Hz, airways reactance at 5 Hz and 10 Hz, and resonant frequency. RESULTS: Asthmatic patients versus nonasthmatic patients significantly differed in their IOS-assessed bronchodilator responses through Delta resistance at 5 Hz (medians, 27\% vs 17\%; P =.02) and Delta resistance at 10 Hz (24\% vs 16\%; P =.03). Because atopic children who have frequent wheezing are at risk for persistent asthma, the data were analyzed in regard to atopic patients with or without asthma. IOS strongly distinguished atopic asthmatic children through Delta resistance at 5 Hz (36\% vs 13\%, P =.007), Delta resistance at 10 Hz (25\% vs 11\%, P =.02), and Delta reactance at 10 Hz (47\% vs 12\%, P =.03). Conventional spirometry did not establish similar statistically significant findings. CONCLUSION: IOS bronchodilator responses are remarkably abnormal in 4-year-old children, who are most likely to have persistent asthma. IOS is a useful diagnostic tool in early asthma development and might be a helpful objective outcome measure of early interventions.
This article was published in J Allergy Clin Immunol and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Shoude Jin
    Mechanisms of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and airway smooth muscle remodeling: the potential roles of Abhd2
    PDF Version
  • Alsayed Alnahal
    Urinary netrin-1 predict early ischemic acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ping Yang
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicating early-stage lung cancer (LC)
    PDF Version
  • Gunilla Lindqvist
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A study of the relationship between patients’ feeling of guilt due to their belief of the disease being self inflicted
    PDF Version
  • Roger Mark Engel
    The effect of including manual therapy in the management of mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – a randomized controlled trial
    PDF Version
  • Rupal Patel Mansukhani
    Correlation of Medication Therapy in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) Patients with 30-day Readmission Rates
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hadeel Faisal Gad
    In-vitro analysis of cytokines responses of visceral leishmaniasis and pulmonary tuberculosis patients to homologous and heterologous antigen stimulation
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Xin Wang
    IL17 Pathway Involves Moderating Pulmonary Hypertension, a common complication of COPD, in Statins Therapy in Smoking Rats
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version