alexa In rat B lymphocyte genesis sixty percent is lost from the bone marrow at the transition of nondividing pre-B cell to sIgM+ B lymphocyte, the stage of Ig light chain gene expression.
Genetics

Genetics

Molecular Biology: Open Access

Author(s): Deenen GJ, Van Balen I, Opstelten D

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Abstract The cycling B precursor cells in rat bone marrow (BM) that carry the B220 antigen and no surface Ig daily produce 780 million new cells. The pool of recirculating B lymphocytes in the rat, however, renew at a rate of only about 40 million cells/day. To analyze at which stages in B lymphocyte genesis the cell loss occurs, we identified post-mitotic cells in the rat BM B lineage, and determined their renewal rates. We used 5-bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdUrd) to label DNA-synthesizing cells, identifying incorporated BrdUrd with the mouse monoclonal antibody BU-1. B lineage cell subsets were identified by the markers HIS24 antigen (rat B220), terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), Ig mu heavy chain, and complete Ig. By use of double and triple immunocytology, we determined the extent of BrdUrd incorporation in the various B lineage compartments [HIS24+TdT-Ig-, TdT+, cytoplasmic mu chain (c mu)+ surface (s) IgM- pre-B, sIgM+ B]. Both sIgM+ B lymphocytes and all B precursors with cell diameters less than 11-12 microns were virtually devoid of DNA synthesis, as indicated by S-phase indices below 2\%. In contrast, S-phase indices of large B precursors ranged between 43\%-66\%. We established the renewal rates of nondividing BM B lineage cells by placing osmotic minipumps containing BrdUrd subcutaneously in the flank of rats. The nondividing BM B lineage cells all renewed rapidly at rates between 2.4\% and 5.6\%/h, representing average half-lives of 29 to 12 h. In absolute numbers, the renewal/day/whole body BM was 165 X 10(6) for sIgM+ B lymphocytes, 422 X 10(6) for small c mu+ sIgM- pre-B cells, 89 X 10(6) for small TdT+ cells and 35 X 10(6) for small HIS24+TdT-Ig- cells. Assuming that recirculating B lymphocytes in the periphery are the descendants of BM sIgM+ B lymphocytes, which in their turn are the progeny of small pre-B cells, the renewal data indicate the following. Of the 165 million potentially available BM B lymphocytes, only 40 million cells become incorporated in the pool of recirculating B lymphocytes, representing a loss of 75\%. BM B lymphocytes, in turn, use only (165/422 X 100\% = ) 40\% of the potential output from their immediate precursors. The 60\% loss that occurs here may reflect the extent of aberrant Ig light chain gene rearrangement in normal B lymphocyte genesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) This article was published in Eur J Immunol and referenced in Molecular Biology: Open Access

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